The Energy Balance Core Laboratory offers various analytical techniques to evaluate energy expenditure, energy intake, physical activity, and body composition to investigators researching relations between nutrition, physical activity, and health and nutrition-related conditions and diseases in humans. The Core focuses on high quality services while providing consultation and state-of-the-science tools and resources to investigators involved in clinical and translational research. In addition, the Core provides research training and education and encourages collaborative research and resource sharing.

Record History
Added on July 23, 2015 at 10:24 AM by Lindner, Jill
Modified on October 26, 2015 at 10:29 AM by Lindner, Jill
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Public: Shared Collection
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The Core is dedicated to measure energy expenditure and energy intake as the key determinants of energy balance. Body composition and function are in turn impacted by energy balance, with ultimate health and disease outcomes. This fundamental approach to energy balance is critical to a better understanding of chronic nutrition- and sedentary behavior-related disorders like obesity and diabetes type 2 so that appropriate prevention and intervention strategies can be developed and tested.

Specific Objectives:

  • Provide services to investigators conducting research in the area of energy balance in healthy and diseased humans.
  • Promote service capabilities to provide needed consultative expertise and tools/resources.
  • Provide quality control standards for all investigations using Core services.
  • Foster interaction among investigators to encourage collaborative research and the sharing of resources.
  • Provide research training and education.

The Energy Balance Sub-Core is supported by NIH grant DK020593.  Please acknowledge this in your publications.


Resource  Type Keywords ID
Energy Balance Contact UsCollection13228
Energy Balance ServicesCollectionphysical activity intensity, Methods, Energy Metabolism, Energy Balance13147
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Publications / Citations

  1. DXA-measured visceral adipose tissue predicts impaired glucose tolerance and metabolic syndrome in obese Caucasian and African-American women. Bi X, Seabolt L, Shibao C, Buchowski M, Kang H, Keil CD, Tyree R, Silver HJ (2015) Eur J Clin Nutr 69(3): 329-36
    › Primary publication · 25335442 (PubMed) · PMC4748955 (PubMed Central) · Added on 7/30/2015
  2. Insulin resistance is not associated with thermogenic effect of a high-fat meal in obese children. Chan J, Lomenick JP, Buchowski MS, Shoemaker AH (2014) Nutr Res 34(6): 486-90
    › Primary publication · 25026915 (PubMed) · PMC4115362 (PubMed Central) · Added on 1/20/2015
  3. Separating bedtime rest from activity using waist or wrist-worn accelerometers in youth. Tracy DJ, Xu Z, Choi L, Acra S, Chen KY, Buchowski MS (2014) PLoS One 9(4): e92512
    › Primary publication · 24727999 (PubMed) · PMC3984076 (PubMed Central) · Added on 7/30/2015
  4. Doubly labeled water is a validated and verified reference standard in nutrition research. Buchowski MS (2014) J Nutr 144(5): 573-4
    › Primary publication · 24572040 (PubMed) · PMC3985818 (PubMed Central) · Added on 7/30/2015
  5. The relationship of oxidative stress, adiposity and metabolic risk factors in healthy Black and White American youth. Warolin J, Coenen KR, Kantor JL, Whitaker LE, Wang L, Acra SA, Roberts LJ, Buchowski MS (2014) Pediatr Obes 9(1): 43-52
    › Primary publication · 23296459 (PubMed) · PMC3775931 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  6. Energy expenditure in obese children with pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a. Shoemaker AH, Lomenick JP, Saville BR, Wang W, Buchowski MS, Cone RD (2013) Int J Obes (Lond) 37(8): 1147-53
    › Primary publication · 23229731 (PubMed) · PMC3610772 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  7. Comparative assessment of change in fat mass using dual X-ray absorptiometry and air-displacement plethysmography. Warolin J, Kantor J, Whitaker LE, Choi L, Acra S, Buchowski MS (2012) Clin Obes 2(3-4): 66-72
    › Primary publication · 23162610 (PubMed) · PMC3498462 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  8. Effect of modest caloric restriction on oxidative stress in women, a randomized trial. Buchowski MS, Hongu N, Acra S, Wang L, Warolin J, Roberts LJ (2012) PLoS One 7(10): e47079
    › Primary publication · 23071718 (PubMed) · PMC3465282 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  9. Evaluation of two fatigability severity measures in elderly adults. Schnelle JF, Buchowski MS, Ikizler TA, Durkin DW, Beuscher L, Simmons SF (2012) J Am Geriatr Soc 60(8): 1527-33
    › Primary publication · 22860899 (PubMed) · PMC3419324 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  10. Effect of BMI on prediction of accelerometry-based energy expenditure in youth. Warolin J, Carrico AR, Whitaker LE, Wang L, Chen KY, Acra S, Buchowski MS (2012) Med Sci Sports Exerc 44(12): 2428-35
    › Primary publication · 22776880 (PubMed) · PMC3501581 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  11. Physical activity limitation as measured by accelerometry in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pugh ME, Buchowski MS, Robbins IM, Newman JH, Hemnes AR (2012) Chest 142(6): 1391-1398
    › Primary publication · 22576635 (PubMed) · PMC3515022 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  12. Assessment of wear/nonwear time classification algorithms for triaxial accelerometer. Choi L, Ward SC, Schnelle JF, Buchowski MS (2012) Med Sci Sports Exerc 44(10): 2009-16
    › Primary publication · 22525772 (PubMed) · PMC3443532 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  13. Chronic sympathetic attenuation and energy metabolism in autonomic failure. Shibao C, Buchowski MS, Chen KY, Yu C, Biaggioni I (2012) Hypertension 59(5): 985-90
    › Primary publication · 22469621 (PubMed) · PMC3383057 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  14. Total body water in elderly adults--assessing hydration status by bioelectrical impedance analysis vs urine osmolality. Powers JS, Buchowski M, Wang L, Otoo-Boameh A (2012) J Am Geriatr Soc 60(2): 388-90
    › Primary publication · 22332693 (PubMed) · PMC3523743 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  15. Fatigability as a function of physical activity energy expenditure in older adults. Buchowski MS, Simmons SF, Whitaker LE, Powers J, Beuscher L, Choi L, Ikizler TA, Chen K, Shnelle JF (2013) Age (Dordr) 35(1): 179-87
    › Primary publication · 22113348 (PubMed) · PMC3543733 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  16. Evaluation of a questionnaire to assess sedentary and active behaviors in the Southern Community Cohort Study. Buchowski MS, Matthews CE, Cohen SS, Signorello LB, Fowke JH, Hargreaves MK, Schlundt DG, Blot WJ (2012) J Phys Act Health 9(6): 765-75
    › Primary publication · 21952413 (PubMed) · PMC3527833 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  17. The relationship between hispanic parents and their preschool-aged children's physical activity. Ruiz R, Gesell SB, Buchowski MS, Lambert W, Barkin SL (2011) Pediatrics 127(5): 888-95
    › Primary publication · 21482607 (PubMed) · PMC3387864 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  18. Aerobic exercise training reduces cannabis craving and use in non-treatment seeking cannabis-dependent adults. Buchowski MS, Meade NN, Charboneau E, Park S, Dietrich MS, Cowan RL, Martin PR (2011) PLoS One 6(3): e17465
    › Primary publication · 21408154 (PubMed) · PMC3050879 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  19. Validation of accelerometer wear and nonwear time classification algorithm. Choi L, Liu Z, Matthews CE, Buchowski MS (2011) Med Sci Sports Exerc 43(2): 357-64
    › Primary publication · 20581716 (PubMed) · PMC3184184 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  20. Body composition and energy metabolism following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Tamboli RA, Hossain HA, Marks PA, Eckhauser AW, Rathmacher JA, Phillips SE, Buchowski MS, Chen KY, Abumrad NN (2010) Obesity (Silver Spring) 18(9): 1718-24
    › Primary publication · 20414197 (PubMed) · PMC3742000 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  21. Validation of the ActiGraph two-regression model for predicting energy expenditure. Rothney MP, Brychta RJ, Meade NN, Chen KY, Buchowski MS (2010) Med Sci Sports Exerc 42(9): 1785-92
    › Primary publication · 20142778 (PubMed) · PMC2919650 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  22. Distributed lag and spline modeling for predicting energy expenditure from accelerometry in youth. Choi L, Chen KY, Acra SA, Buchowski MS (2010) J Appl Physiol (1985) 108(2): 314-27
    › Primary publication · 19959770 (PubMed) · PMC2822669 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  23. Growth patterns in children with sickle cell anemia during puberty. Rhodes M, Akohoue SA, Shankar SM, Fleming I, Qi An A, Yu C, Acra S, Buchowski MS (2009) Pediatr Blood Cancer 53(4): 635-41
    › Primary publication · 19544390 (PubMed) · PMC2733167 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  24. Seasonal changes in amount and patterns of physical activity in women. Buchowski MS, Choi L, Majchrzak KM, Acra S, Mathews CE, Chen KY (2009) J Phys Act Health 6(2): 252-61
    › Primary publication · 19420404 (PubMed) · PMC2800047 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  25. Rapid measurement of total body water to facilitate clinical decision making in hospitalized elderly patients. Powers JS, Choi L, Bitting R, Gupta N, Buchowski M (2009) J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64(6): 664-9
    › Primary publication · 19228780 (PubMed) · PMC2800804 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013
  26. Validity of a multisensor armband in estimating 24-h energy expenditure in children. Dorminy CA, Choi L, Akohoue SA, Chen KY, Buchowski MS (2008) Med Sci Sports Exerc 40(4): 699-706
    › Primary publication · 18317374 (PubMed) · PMC2891281 (PubMed Central) · Added on 12/10/2013

MeSH Terms

Abdomen Absorptiometry, Photon Acceleration Accelerometry Actigraphy Activities of Daily Living Adiponectin Adipose Tissue Adiposity Adolescent Adult African Americans Aged Aged, 80 and over Age Factors Age of Onset Aging Algorithms Anemia, Sickle Cell Ankle Anthropometry Basal Metabolism Biomarkers Blood Glucose Blood Pressure Body Composition Body Fluid Compartments Body Height Body Mass Index Body Water Body Weight Bone Density Bromides C-Reactive Protein Caloric Restriction Calorimetry Calorimetry, Indirect Cannabis Cardiovascular Diseases Case-Control Studies Child Child, Preschool Chronic Disease Cross-Sectional Studies Deuterium Deuterium Oxide Diet, High-Fat Disease Susceptibility Educational Status Electric Impedance Energy Intake Energy Metabolism Exercise Exercise Test Exercise Therapy Exercise Tolerance F2-Isoprostanes Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension Fatigue Feasibility Studies Female Follow-Up Studies Forecasting Gastric Bypass Geriatric Assessment Glucose Intolerance Glycated Hemoglobin A Health Behavior Health Status Disparities Hip Hispanic or Latino Hospitalization Humans Hypertension, Pulmonary Inflammation Insulin Insulin Resistance Intra-Abdominal Fat Isoprostanes Isotope Labeling Leptin Life Style Linear Models Longitudinal Studies Male Marijuana Abuse Meals Metabolic Syndrome Metabolism Methylhistidines Middle Aged Models, Statistical Molecular Sequence Data Monitoring, Ambulatory Monitoring, Physiologic Motor Activity Multivariate Analysis Muscle Proteins Myofibrils Nonlinear Dynamics Norepinephrine Obesity Obesity, Morbid Osmolar Concentration Overweight Oxidation-Reduction Oxidative Stress Oxygen Consumption Oxygen Isotopes Parent-Child Relations Parenting Patient Compliance Pediatric Obesity Phenotype Pilot Projects Plethysmography, Impedance Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide Postprandial Period Predictive Value of Tests Premenopause Prospective Studies Pseudohypoparathyroidism Puberty Pure Autonomic Failure Radiation-Protective Agents Radiography Reference Values Regression Analysis Reproducibility of Results Rest Risk Factors Seasons Sedentary Behavior Self Report Sensitivity and Specificity Severity of Illness Index Sex Factors Sleep Socioeconomic Factors Sodium Compounds Southeastern United States Sports Equipment Surveys and Questionnaires Tennessee Thermogenesis Time Factors Triglycerides United States Urine Wakefulness Walking Water Water-Electrolyte Balance Weight Gain Weight Loss Whites Wrist Young Adult