Diabetes Related Literacy/Numeracy Scales
- SKILLD (Diabetes Knowledge Scale)
This 10 item scale can be used to assess diabetes knowledge among
patients with low literacy skills. A manuscript detailing the
validity of this scale is available at: Rothman RL, Pignone M, Malone R,
Bryant B, Wolfe C. The Spoken Knowledge in Low-Literacy in Diabetes
(SKILLD) Test: A new scale of diabetes knowledge. The Diabetes
- PDSMS (Diabetes Self-Efficacy Scale)
short 8 item scale can be used to assess perceived diabetes
self-efficacy among patients with diabetes. A manuscript detailing
the validity of this scale is available at: Wallston KA, Rothman RL, Cherrington A.
Psychometric Properties of the Perceived Diabetes Self-Management
Scale (PDSMS). Journal of Behavioral Medicine.
Numeracy Test (DNT)
This 43 item scale can be used
to assess numeracy skills essential for diabetes self-management.
Performance on the DNT correlates with diabetes knowledge,
self-efficacy, behaviors, and glyecmic control. More information
about the scale is available at: Huizinga MM, Elasy TA, Wallston
KA, et al. Development and validation of the Diabetes Numeracy Test
(DNT). BMC Health Serv Res. 2008;8:96, AND Cavanaugh, K.,
Huizinga, M. M., Wallston, K. A., Gebretsadik, T., Shintani, A.,
Davis, D., Gregory, R, Fuchs, L. S., Malone, R., Cherrington, A,
Pignone, M. P., Dewalt, D. A., Elasy, T. A., and Rothman, R. L.
Association of Numeracy and Diabetes Control. Annals of Internal
Medicine 148. 5-20-2008.
Numeracy Test-15 (DNT-15)
This 15 item scale is a
shortened version of the DNT. More information is available at:
Huizinga MM, Elasy TA, Wallston KA, et al. Development and
validation of the Diabetes Numeracy Test (DNT). BMC Health Serv
This 15 item
scale is a Spanish version of the DNT15.
- Diabetes Numeracy
Test - 5 (DNT-5)
This 5 item scale is a shortened
version of the DNT and DNT-15.
Diabetes Educational Materials
- Diabetes Literacy and Numeracy Education Toolkit
This toolkit includes over 24 chapters that can used in educating
patients with diabetes — particularly those with poor literacy or
numeracy skills. Providers can use different sections of the
toolkit as they see fit. Section A includes instructions about how
to use the toolkit. Section B includes the toolkit.
Section 3 includes a "Scoops List" for patients started on the
"Scoops" method for diet management.
Partnership to Improve Diabetes Education (PRIDE)
This toolkit includes a comprehensive set of 30 iterative education
modules in English and Spanish to support diabetes self-management
activities. It builds on the DLNET toolkit with an added focus on
shared goal setting, addressing the needs of Spanish-speaking
patients, and including a broader range of diabetes management
topics such as oral health, stress and depression, alcohol
consumption, self-injecting insulin, and smoking cessation, among
others. The PRIDE modules are designed to be used interactively
between a health professional and a patient.
Partnership to Improve Diabetes Education (PRIDE) Toolkit -
These materials were designed to improve educational interactions
between diabetes providers and their patients. These materials are
intended only for use by qualified health professionals in
conjunction with their patients. Professionals opting to use these
materials take responsibility for any liability issues related to
their use. Specific recommendations to patients by providers may
vary from what is included in these materials.
The Center for Diabetes Translation Research is
supported by NIH grant DK092986.
Please acknowledge this in your publications.