Coexpression of CD9 augments the ability of membrane-bound heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (proHB-EGF) to preserve renal epithelial cell viability.

Takemura T, Hino S, Murata Y, Yanagida H, Okada M, Yoshioka K, Harris RC
Kidney Int. 1999 55 (1): 71-81

PMID: 9893115 · DOI:10.1046/j.1523-1755.1999.00259.x

BACKGROUND - Transfection of renal epithelial cells (NRK 52E) with membrane-associated heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (proHB-EGF) increased renal epithelial cell survival by promoting cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. ProHB-EGF has been shown to form a complex in the plasma membrane with the tetraspanin CD9, an interaction that significantly increases the effectiveness of proHB-EGF as a juxtacrine mitogenic agent.

METHODS - We examined whether the coexpression of proHB-EGF and CD9 would increase renal epithelial cell survival. CD9 was stably transfected into NRK 52E cells, either alone (NRKCD9) or together with proHB-EGF (NRKboth).

RESULTS - Juxtacrine mitogenic activity of NRKCD9 was no different than in cells transfected with vector alone (NRKvector), but was increased by NRKboth; juxtacrine mitogenic activity by NRKboth was twofold greater than when proHB-EGF was transfected alone (NRKproHB-EGF). When grown in 10% fetal calf serum, growth rates were similar among all transfectants. However, in 1% fetal calf serum, NRKproHB-EGF grew 50% faster than NRKvector or NRKCD9, and NRKboth grew 20% to 50% faster than NRKproHB-EGF at one, two, and three days of culture. NRKproHB-EGF attachment to plastic substratum at one, two, and three hours was 250% greater than that of NRKvector, and NRKboth was 20% to 30% greater than that of NRKproHB-EGF. Coating plates with either poly 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate or the GRGDTP peptide prevented normal cell-extracellular matrix attachment, and NRKvector or NRKCD9 failed to attach or form cell-cell attachments. NRKproHB-EGF exhibited 300% and NRKboth exhibited 600% greater cell viability under these conditions. Expression of type I and type III collagen mRNA was enhanced similarly in NRKproHB-EGF and NRKboth, but the expression of beta1 integrin was up-regulated only in NRKboth.

CONCLUSIONS - Coexpression of proHB-EGF and CD9 may render the renal epithelial cells more resistant to disruption of cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions and could accelerate the re-establishment of these attachments.

MeSH Terms (22)

Animals Antigens, CD Apoptosis Base Sequence Cell Adhesion Cell Line Cell Membrane Cell Survival DNA Primers Epidermal Growth Factor Epithelial Cells Extracellular Matrix Gene Expression Heparin-binding EGF-like Growth Factor Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins Kidney Membrane Glycoproteins Protein Precursors Rats RNA, Messenger Tetraspanin 29 Transfection

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