Influence of the dialysis membrane on outcome of ESRD patients.

Hakim RM
Am J Kidney Dis. 1998 32 (6 Suppl 4): S71-5

PMID: 9892369 · DOI:10.1016/s0272-6386(98)70165-9

Data from the US Renal Data System (USRDS) document a substantial reduction in the use of cellulosic membranes, from approximately 70% in 1990 to less than 20% in 1996. These changes have been accompanied by a reduction in the adjusted mortality of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States. The possibility that this association between the changes in the nature of the membrane and clinical outcome represents a cause-and-effect relationship is discussed in terms of the known biochemical actions of complement activation, consequent neutrophil and monocyte activation, and clinical studies that have been published comparing membranes with different biocompatibilities. Together, these studies support a role for the changes in the biocompatibility of dialysis membranes in the improvement of ESRD patient mortality in the United States.

MeSH Terms (6)

Biocompatible Materials Humans Kidney Failure, Chronic Membranes, Artificial Renal Dialysis United States

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