BACKGROUND - The prairie dog has become the established animal gallstone model. This species has a unique propensity to form cholesterol gallstones in response to dietary manipulations. The development of a reliable gallbladder cell culture technique is critical for understanding pathogenic mechanisms of gallstone formation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS - Prairie dogs underwent laparotomy and cholecystectomy, followed by initiation of cell cultures. [3H]Thymidine incorporation was used to assess cell growth, and cell lines were assessed using routine histochemical and immunohistochemical staining.
RESULTS - Cell yields from prairie dog gallbladders were 4-8 x 10(6) viable cells per animal with viability ranging from 80 to 95%. When plated at 5 x 10(5) cells/cm2, cell clusters, visible within 24 h, coalesced into confluent monolayers within 3-5 days. Cultures remained viable for 6-8 weeks and could be passed for three to four subcultures. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated a high degree of epithelial purity with immunopositivity for AE1/AE3, and cytokeratin, with no vimentin positivity (mesenchymal antigen). Intracytoplasmic vacuoles demonstrated positive staining for Alcian blue, periodic acid-Schiff, and mucicarmine and an anti-gallbladder mucin antibody confirmed the presence of the glycoprotein mucin.
CONCLUSIONS - This study demonstrates a reliable method for initiation and maintenance of prairie dog gallbladder epithelial cell cultures with a high degree of purity. This technique should allow further studies into the pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstones in this model.
Copyright 1998 Academic Press.