Induction of the zebrafish ventral brain and floorplate requires cyclops/nodal signalling.

Sampath K, Rubinstein AL, Cheng AM, Liang JO, Fekany K, Solnica-Krezel L, Korzh V, Halpern ME, Wright CV
Nature. 1998 395 (6698): 185-9

PMID: 9744278 · DOI:10.1038/26020

Zebrafish cyclops (cyc) mutations cause deficiencies in the dorsal mesendoderm and ventral neural tube, leading to neural defects and cyclopia. Here we report that cyc encodes a transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-related intercellular signalling molecule that is similar to mouse nodal. cyc is expressed in dorsal mesendoderm at gastrulation and in the prechordal plate until early somitogenesis. Expression reappears transiently in the left lateral-plate mesoderm, and in an unprecedented asymmetric pattern in the left forebrain. Injection of cyc RNA non-autonomously restores sonic hedgehog-expressing cells of the ventral brain and floorplate that are absent in cyc mutants, whereas inducing activities are abolished by cyc, a mutation of a conserved cysteine in the mature ligand. Our results indicate that cyc provides an essential non-cell-autonomous signal at gastrulation, leading to induction of the floorplate and ventral brain.

MeSH Terms (19)

Animals Body Patterning Brain Embryonic Induction Gastrula Hedgehog Proteins Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins Mesoderm Molecular Sequence Data Mutation Nodal Protein Protein Biosynthesis Signal Transduction Trans-Activators Transforming Growth Factor beta Xenopus Xenopus Proteins Zebrafish Zebrafish Proteins

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