Anti-CD4 therapy in combined heart-kidney, heart-liver, and heart-small bowel allotransplants in high-responder rats.

Yin DP, Sankary HN, Talor-Edwards C, Chong AS, Foster P, Shen J, Ma LL, Williams JW, Fathman CG
Transplantation. 1998 66 (1): 1-5

PMID: 9679814 · DOI:10.1097/00007890-199807150-00001

BACKGROUND - In these experiments, we studied the role of anti-CD4 (Ox38) monoclonal antibody in the induction of allograft unresponsiveness in high-responder Lewis rats in the single liver, kidney, small bowel, and heart versus the combined heart-kidney, heart-liver, and heart-small bowel transplantation models.

METHODS - ACI heart, kidney, liver, and small bowel allografts were transplanted into untreated and anti-CD4 treated Lewis rats. In selected animals bearing long-surviving ACI liver or kidney allografts for over 3 months, donor-matched second heart or third-party (Brown Norway) heart allografts were transplanted. Simultaneously, heart-liver, heart-kidney, and heart-small bowel transplants were performed on the day of operation. Rejected allografts were verified by autopsy and pathology.

RESULTS - ACI liver allografts were permanently accepted by Lewis recipients treated with either regular-dose (5 mg/kg for 4 days) or low-dose (5 mg/kg for 2 days) of anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody. Pretransplant anti-CD4 therapy (5 mg/kg for 4 days but not 5 mg/kg for 2 days) resulted in a long-term survival of kidney allografts (mean survival time [MST] > 100.0 days, n=5). Pretransplant anti-CD4 treatment (5 mg/kg for 4 days) could not induce tolerance when single ACI hearts were transplanted; however, long-term survival of ACI heart allografts could be induced when heart transplants were combined with liver (n=7) or kidney (n=8) transplants. The survival of both ACI heart allografts (MST=25.0 days, n=4) and small bowel allografts (MST=28.0 days, n=4) was also prolonged when simultaneous heart and small bowel transplantation was performed in anti-CD4-treated recipients. The second ACI heart allograft was permanently accepted by tolerant Lewis recipients of ACI liver or kidney allografts induced by anti-CD4 treatment, and third-party heart grafts were acutely rejected without affecting survival of the primary allografts.

CONCLUSION - Our current results show that: (1) there is a vigorous rejection of heart > or = small bowel > kidney > liver in high-responder Lewis rats after pretransplant anti-CD4 therapy; and (2) simultaneous or metachronous combined liver-heart and kidney-heart transplants may protect heart allografts from rejection.

MeSH Terms (16)

Animals Antibodies CD4 Antigens Graft Rejection Graft Survival Heart Transplantation Immune Tolerance Intestine, Small Kidney Transplantation Liver Transplantation Male Rats Rats, Inbred ACI Rats, Inbred Lew Tissue Donors Transplantation, Homologous

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