Androgen regulation of the human ornithine decarboxylase promoter in prostate cancer cells.

Bai G, Kasper S, Matusik RJ, Rennie PS, Moshier JA, Krongrad A
J Androl. 1998 19 (2): 127-35

PMID: 9570735

We studied the response of the human ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) promoter to androgen in human prostate cancer cell lines. In the well-differentiated, androgen-sensitive human prostate cancer line LNCaP, a genomic ODC promoter fragment that includes putative androgen response elements was suppressed by androgen. In contrast, the androgen-regulated probasin promoter was induced by androgens. The ODC promoter was also induced by cotransfected androgen receptor in the poorly differentiated, androgen-insensitive human prostate cancer cell line PPC-1. We examined the effects of cotransfected mutant androgen receptors containing the LNCaP mutation or DNA-binding mutations. All cotransfected androgen receptors switched the ODC androgen response from suppression to induction in LNCaP cells. Gel-shift and DNA footprint assays demonstrated androgen receptor binding to an ODC sequence that does not contain a consensus androgen response element. Deletion of the sequence abolished androgen suppression of the ODC promoter. We propose a model of pleiotropic gene regulation by androgen that requires a regulatory balance between androgen receptor and a transcription factor binding to the nonconsensus androgen response element.

MeSH Terms (18)

Androgens Animals Binding Sites Cell Differentiation DNA Footprinting Dogs Enzyme Activation Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic Humans Male Ornithine Decarboxylase Ornithine Decarboxylase Inhibitors Promoter Regions, Genetic Prostatic Neoplasms Protein Kinase C Receptors, Androgen Tumor Cells, Cultured

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