Replication profile of Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome VI.

Friedman KL, Brewer BJ, Fangman WL
Genes Cells. 1997 2 (11): 667-78

PMID: 9491801 · DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2443.1997.1520350.x

BACKGROUND - An understanding of the replication programme at the genome level will require the identification and characterization of origins of replication through large, contiguous regions of DNA. As a step toward this goal, origin efficiencies and replication times were determined for 10 ARSs spanning most of the 270 kilobase (kb) chromosome VI of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

RESULTS - Chromosome VI shows a wide variation in the percentage of cell cycles in which different replication origins are utilized. Most of the origins are activated in only a fraction of cells, suggesting that the pattern of origin usage on chromosome VI varies greatly within the cell population. The replication times of fragments containing chromosome VI origins show a temporal pattern that has been recognized on other chromosomes--the telomeres replicate late in S phase, while the central region of the chromosome replicates early.

CONCLUSIONS - As demonstrated here for chromosome VI, analysis of the direction of replication fork movement along a chromosome and determination of replication time by measuring a period of hemimethylation may provide an efficient means of surveying origin activity over large regions of the genome.

MeSH Terms (13)

Cell Cycle Chromosome Mapping Chromosomes, Fungal DNA, Fungal DNA Replication Genome, Fungal Methylation Polymerase Chain Reaction Replication Origin Saccharomyces cerevisiae S Phase Telomere Time Factors

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