Lack of cardiac manifestations among patients with previously treated Lyme disease.

Sangha O, Phillips CB, Fleischmann KE, Wang TJ, Fossel AH, Lew R, Liang MH, Shadick NA
Ann Intern Med. 1998 128 (5): 346-53

PMID: 9490594 · DOI:10.7326/0003-4819-128-5-199803010-00002

BACKGROUND - Cardiac involvement is common in acute Lyme disease, and case reports suggest that cardiac abnormalities might also occur years after the primary infection.

OBJECTIVE - To determine the prevalence of cardiac abnormalities in persons with previously treated Lyme disease.

DESIGN - Population-based, retrospective cohort study with controls.

SETTING - Nantucket Island, Massachusetts.

PARTICIPANTS - From among 3703 adult respondents to a total-population (n = 6046) mail survey, 336 (176 case-patients and 160 controls) were randomly selected for clinical evaluation.

MEASUREMENTS - Current cardiac symptoms and major or minor abnormal electrocardiographic features, including heart rate; rhythm; axis; PR, QRS, and QT intervals; QRS structure; atrioventricular blocks; and ST-segment and T-wave changes.

RESULTS - Persons with Lyme disease (case-patients, n = 176) (mean duration from disease onset to study evaluation, 5.2 years) and persons without evidence of previous Lyme disease (controls, n = 160) did not differ significantly in their patterns of current cardiac symptoms and electrocardiographic findings, including heart rate (P > 0.2), PR interval (P = 0.15), QRS interval (P > 0.2), QT interval (P > 0.2), axis (P > 0.2), presence of arrhythmias (P > 0.2), first-degree heart block (P = 0.12), bundle-branch block (P > 0.2), and ST-segment abnormalities (P > 0.2). In multivariate analyses that adjusted for age, sex, and previous heart disease, a history of previously treated Lyme disease was not associated with either major (odds ratio, 0.78; P > 0.2) or minor (odds ratio, 1.09; P > 0.2) electrocardiographic abnormalities.

CONCLUSION - Persons with a history of previously treated Lyme disease do not have a higher prevalence of cardiac abnormalities than persons without a history of Lyme disease.

MeSH Terms (14)

Adult Aged Cohort Studies Electrocardiography Female Heart Diseases Humans Lyme Disease Male Massachusetts Middle Aged Prevalence Retrospective Studies Statistics as Topic

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