Interruption of G protein-coupling in CXCR2 does not alter ligand binding, but eliminates ligand-activation of GTPgamma35S binding, calcium mobilization, and chemotaxis.

Yang W, Schraw WP, Mueller SG, Richmond A
Biochemistry. 1997 36 (49): 15193-200

PMID: 9398246 · DOI:10.1021/bi971594u

CXCR2 is a seven-transmembrane receptor that transduces intracellular signals in response to the chemokines IL-8, MGSA/GRO, and other ELR motif-containing CXC chemokines by coupling to heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins. In this study, we have mutated two putative G protein-coupling regions of CXCR2 and characterized the effects of these mutations on ligand-activated signal transductions: aspartic acid 89 in the second transmembrane domain and the HRAMR sequence (BBXXB motif, found in the third intracellular loop where B indicates a basic amino acid and X represents any amino acid). The Asp89 was replaced by either asparagine (D89N) or glutamic acid (D89E). For the BBXXB motif, the first two basic amino acids were mutated to two neutral isoleucines (HR-II), or alternatively, two isoleucines were inserted between alanine and methionine (II-insert). When expressed in human embryonic kidney 293 cells, the D89E mutant was localized intracellularly with no detectable cell surface expression. In contrast, D89N, HR-II, and II-insert mutants displayed cell surface expression, with Kd values and expression levels similar to that of the wild-type transfectant. The ability of the mutants to transduce signal was assessed by ligand-stimulated GTPgamma35S binding, mobilization of intracellular free Ca2+, and chemotaxis assays. Both D89N and HR-II mutants signaled similarly to a wild-type receptor in all three assays. However, the II-insert mutant exhibited a loss of ligand-stimulated GTPgamma35S binding, calcium mobilization, and chemotaxis. Unexpectedly, this receptor underwent ligand-induced sequestration comparable to wild-type CXCR2. These data indicate that Asp89 and the basic amino acids in the third intracellular domain do not play essential roles in ligand-induced signal transduction through CXCR2. However, proper secondary structure and orientation of the third intracellular loop of CXCR2 are essential for ligand-mediated signal transduction but not for receptor sequestration.

MeSH Terms (19)

Calcium Cell Line Chemokine CXCL1 Chemokines, CXC Chemotactic Factors Chemotaxis Endocytosis Growth Substances GTP-Binding Proteins Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate) Humans Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins Ligands Mutation Protein Binding Receptors, Chemokine Receptors, Interleukin Receptors, Interleukin-8B Sulfur Radioisotopes

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