BACKGROUND - Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a rare, autosomal dominant, polyposis syndrome, associated with an increased risk of gastrointestinal and extragastrointestinal malignancy. Occasionally dysplasia occurs in PJS polyps.
AIMS - In colorectal carcinomas, mutations in codon 12 of the K-ras oncogene are common and are found at similar frequency in precursor adenomas. Therefore, K-ras codon 12 point mutations in PJS polyps, were evaluated.
MATERIALS AND METHODS - Fifty two PJS polyps, including four with dysplasia, collected from 19 patients with PJS, were analysed for mutations in the K-ras codon 12 by a mutant enriched polymerase chain reaction procedure, followed by allele specific oligodeoxynucleotide hybridisation.
RESULTS - A K-ras codon 12 mutation was identified, in one colonic polyp with dysplasia. The mutation was found in the non-neoplasmic epithelial cells and not in the dysplastic component of the polyp.
CONCLUSIONS - K-ras codon 12 point mutations are very rare in PJS polyps, by contrast with colorectal adenomas. The findings support previous evidence that there seems to be no intrinsic relation between K-ras codon 12 mutation and dysplasia.