Characterization of the bovine tenascin-X.

Elefteriou F, Exposito JY, Garrone R, Lethias C
J Biol Chem. 1997 272 (36): 22866-74

PMID: 9278449 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.272.36.22866

The primary structure of flexilin, an extracellular matrix glycoprotein previously identified in bovine tissues (Lethias, C., Descollonges, Y., Boutillon, M.-M., and Garrone, R. (1996) Matrix Biol. 15, 11-19) was determined by cDNA cloning. The deduced amino acid sequence (4135 residues) reveals that this protein is composed of a succession of peptide motifs characteristic of the tenascin family: an amino-terminal domain containing cysteine residues and heptads of hydrophobic amino acids, 18.5 epidermal growth factor-like repeats, 30 fibronectin type III-like (FNIII) domains, and a carboxyl-terminal fibrinogen-like motif. Sequence analysis indicated that this protein is the bovine orthologue of human tenascin-X. By rotary shadowing, bovine tenascin-X was identified as monomers with a flexible aspect, which are ended by a globule. More FNIII motifs were characterized in the bovine protein than in human tenascin-X. The main difference between the human and bovine tenascin-X is found in the arrangement of the three classes of highly similar FNIII repeat types in the central region of tenascin-X. The bovine FNIII motif b10 exhibits an RGD putative cell attachment site. The functional role of this sequence is corroborated by cell adhesion on purified tenascin-X, which is inhibited by RGD peptides. Moreover, we demonstrate that this RGD site is conserved at the same location in the human molecule.

MeSH Terms (12)

Amino Acid Sequence Animals Base Sequence Cattle Cloning, Molecular DNA, Complementary Humans Molecular Sequence Data Oligopeptides Sequence Homology, Amino Acid Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid Tenascin

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