The structures and relative stabilities of d(G x G) reverse Hoogsteen, d(G x T) reverse wobble, and d(G x C) reverse Watson-Crick base-pairs in DNA crystals.

Mooers BH, Eichman BF, Ho PS
J Mol Biol. 1997 269 (5): 796-810

PMID: 9223642 · DOI:10.1006/jmbi.1997.1100

We have solved the structures of the homoduplex d(Gm5CGCGCG)2, and the heteroduplexes d(GCGCGCG)/d(TCGCGCG) and d(GCGCGCG)/d(CCGCGCG). The structures form six base-pairs of identical Z-DNA duplexes with single nucleotides overhanging at the 5'-ends. The overhanging nucleotide from one strand remains stacked and sandwiched between the blunt-ends of two adjacent Z-DNA duplexes, while the overhanging base of the opposing strand is extra-helical. The stacked and the extra-helical bases from adjacent duplexes pair to form a distorted d(G x G) reverse Hoogsteen base-pair in the d(Gm5CGCGCG)2 homoduplex, and d(G x T) reverse wobble and d(G x C) reverse Watson-Crick base-pairs in the d(GCGCGCG)/d(TCGCGCG) and d(GCGCGCG)/d(CCGCGCG) heteroduplexes, respectively. Interestingly, only the d(G,T) and d(G x C) base-pairs were observed in the heteroduplexes, suggesting that both the d(G x T) reverse wobble and d(G x C) reverse Watson-Crick base-pairs are more stable in this crystal environment than the d(G x G) reverse Hoogsteen base-pair. To estimate the relative stability of the three types of reverse base-pairs, crystals were grown using various mixtures of sequences and their strand compositions analyzed by mass spectrometry. The d(G x C) reverse Watson-Crick base-pair was estimated to be more stable by approximately 1.5 kcal/mol and the d(G x T) reverse wobble base-pair more stable by approximately 0.5 kcal/mol than the d(G x G) reverse Hoogsteen base-pair. The step during crystallization responsible for discriminating between the strands in the crystal is highly cooperative, suggesting that it occurs during the initial nucleating event of crystal growth.

MeSH Terms (11)

Computer Simulation Crystallography, X-Ray Deoxycytidine Deoxyguanosine DNA Hydrogen Bonding Models, Chemical Models, Molecular Nucleic Acid Conformation Oligodeoxyribonucleotides Thymidine

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