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Impaired retinal function in young labrador retriever dogs heterozygous for late onset rod-cone degeneration.

Kommonen B, Kylmä T, Karhunen U, Dawson WW, Penn JS
Vision Res. 1997 37 (3): 365-70

PMID: 9135869 · DOI:10.1016/s0042-6989(96)00123-x

Xenon-flash d.c.-electroretinograms were recorded from dark adapted, rod-cone degenerate homozygote affected (n = 6), heterozygote carrier (n = 3) and control retinas (n = 4) at 3 and 4 months of age, starting at 0.6 log units below control PII threshold. One log unit higher stimuli were necessary to evoke PII in heterozygote and affected retinas compared to controls. Unique to the heterozygotes, double peaked PII responses that were evoked by -2 log relative units intensity stimulation were significantly (P = 0.028) lower in amplitude than those of controls. PII amplitudes of homozygotes were significantly (P = 0.005) lower in amplitude than those of controls at both ages examined in response to -2 and 0 log relative intensity stimulation. No differences were found in scotopic threshold response amplitudes or times to peak between the three groups. Homozygote affected PII times to peak were significantly (P = 0.005) shorter in relation to controls at -2 log units. Findings suggest that heterozygotes exhibit an impaired retinal function which can be demonstrated at 3 and 4 months in this mutant.

MeSH Terms (8)

Animals Dark Adaptation Dog Diseases Dogs Electroretinography Heterozygote Photoreceptor Cells Retinal Diseases

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