The E6-Ap ubiquitin-protein ligase (UBE3A) gene is localized within a narrowed Angelman syndrome critical region.

Sutcliffe JS, Jiang YH, Galijaard RJ, Matsuura T, Fang P, Kubota T, Christian SL, Bressler J, Cattanach B, Ledbetter DH, Beaudet AL
Genome Res. 1997 7 (4): 368-77

PMID: 9110176 · PMCID: PMC139148 · DOI:10.1101/gr.7.4.368

Angelman syndrome (AS) and Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are distinct clinical phenotypes resulting from maternal and paternal deficiencies, respectively, in human chromosome 15qll-q13. Although several imprinted, paternally expressed transcripts have been identified within the PWS candidate region, no maternally expressed gene has yet been identified within the AS candidate region. We have developed an integrated physical map spanning the PWS and AS candidate regions and localized two breakpoints, including a cryptic t(14;15) translocation associated with AS and a non-AS 15q deletion, which substantially narrow the AS candidate region to approximately 250 kb. Mapping data indicate that the entire transcriptional unit of the E6-AP ubiquitin-protein ligase (UBE3A) gene lies within the AS region. The UBE3A locus expresses a transcript of approximately 5 kb at low to moderate levels in all tissues tested. The mouse homolog of UBE3A was cloned and sequenced revealing a high degree of conservation at nucleotide and protein levels. Northern and RT-PCR analysis of Ube3a expression in mouse tissues from animals with segmental, paternal uniparental disomy failed to detect substantially reduced or absent expression compared to control animals, failing to provide any evidence for maternal-specific expression from this locus. Recent identification of de novo truncating mutations in UBE3A taken with these observations indicates that mutations in UBE3A can lead to AS and suggests that this locus may encode both imprinted and biallelically expressed products.

MeSH Terms (33)

Amino Acid Sequence Angelman Syndrome Animals Blotting, Northern Blotting, Southern Chromosome Aberrations Chromosome Mapping Chromosomes, Artificial, Yeast Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 Cloning, Molecular Cosmids Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field Female Gene Deletion Gene Dosage Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental Genetic Markers Genomic Imprinting Humans In Situ Hybridization Ligases Male Mice Mice, Mutant Strains Molecular Sequence Data Paternity Prader-Willi Syndrome Sequence Homology, Amino Acid Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid Tissue Distribution Transcription, Genetic Translocation, Genetic Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases

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