Predominant cytosolic localization of type II transforming growth factor beta receptors in human breast carcinoma cells.

Koli KM, Arteaga CL
Cancer Res. 1997 57 (5): 970-7

PMID: 9041203

It is proposed that loss of a growth-inhibitory response to transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) contributes to breast cancer progression. Because cellular TGFbeta responsiveness often correlates with TGFbeta type II receptor (TGFbeta-IIR) expression, we have examined the cellular distribution of TGFbeta-IIRs in tumor and nontumor mammary epithelial cells. By immunoblot analysis, TGFbeta-IIR was detected both in membrane and cytosolic fractions of MDA-231 tumor cells as well as in normal human breast epithelial cells. The cytosolic protein appeared to be more abundant and was detected as a clear perinuclear staining by immunocytochemistry. The glycosylation patterns of the cytosolic and membrane form were different, indicating distinct receptor pools. The cytosolic TGFbeta-IIR did not bind 125I-labeled TGFbeta1 but had a detectable in vitro and in vivo kinase activity. MCF-7 breast cancer cells express the TGFbeta-IIR mRNA but show undetectable cell surface TGFbeta-IIR protein by affinity cross-linking. However, low levels of TGFbeta-IIR were observed in MCF-7 cytosol. Sequencing of the coding region of TGFbeta-IIR from MCF-7 cells indicated a point mutation (A439V) in a nonconserved region of the kinase domain. When MCF-7 cells were treated with sublethal doses of Adriamycin that induce cell differentiation, the membrane localization of TGFbeta-IIR and TGFbeta response were restored. Our results indicate the presence of a prominent, kinase-active TGFbeta-IIR in the cytosol of several mammary cell lines. This cytosolic pool of receptors is the only detectable one in MCF-7 cells. Loss of wild-type membrane receptors due to defects in trafficking presents a potential new mechanism for escape from negative growth control.

MeSH Terms (19)

Biological Transport Breast Neoplasms Cell Compartmentation Cell Membrane Cytosol Doxorubicin Drug Resistance Female Glycosylation Humans Phosphoproteins Phosphorylation Point Mutation Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type II Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta RNA, Messenger Transforming Growth Factor beta Tumor Cells, Cultured

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