Tolerance to mu-opioid receptor agonists but not cross-tolerance to gamma-aminobutyric acid(B) receptor agonists in arcuate A12 dopamine neurons with chronic morphine treatment.

Wagner EJ, Zhang G, Lagrange AH, R√łnnekleiv OK, Kelly MJ
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1997 280 (2): 1057-64

PMID: 9023324

The present study examined the potential for cross-tolerance development between mu-opioid and gamma-aminobutyric acidB receptor agonists, in hypothalamic arcuate neurons, resulting from chronic morphine treatment. Intracellular recordings were made in hypothalamic slices prepared from ovariectomized female guinea pigs. The mu-opioid receptor agonist D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly-ol5-enkephalin and the gamma-aminobutyric acidB receptor agonist baclofen produced dose-dependent membrane hyperpolarizations of arcuate neurons. The reversal potential for both agonist-induced hyperpolarizations was near -95 mV, indicative of the activation of an underlying K+ conductance. Coadministration of maximally effective concentrations of D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly-ol5-enkephalin and baclofen produced a response that was not additive, indicating a convergence onto a common K+ channel. In arcuate neurons, including a subset that was immunopositive for tyrosine hydroxylase, chronic morphine treatment for 4 to 7 days produced a 3.2-fold reduction in the potency, with no change in the efficacy, of D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly-ol5-enkephalin. In contrast, it affected neither the potency nor the efficacy of baclofen. Therefore, chronic morphine exposure does not produce cross-tolerance between mu-opioid and gamma-aminobutyric acidB receptor agonists in A12 dopamine neurons, suggesting that convergence upon a common effector is not a sufficient criterion for the development of cross-tolerance between receptor systems.

MeSH Terms (19)

Animals Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus Baclofen Drug Tolerance Electrophysiology Enkephalin, Ala(2)-MePhe(4)-Gly(5)- Enkephalins Female GABA-B Receptor Agonists Guinea Pigs Hypothalamus In Vitro Techniques Membrane Potentials Morphine Morphine Dependence Neurons Receptors, Opioid, mu Tetrodotoxin Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase

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