Hepatic lesions and hemolysis following administration of 3alpha, 7alpha, 12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholestan-26-oyl taurine to rats.

Hanson RF, Williams GC, Hachey D, Sharp HL
J Lab Clin Med. 1977 90 (3): 536-48

PMID: 894105

Patients with a metabolic block in the conversion of THCA into cholic acid develop cirrhosis and hemolysis, and die of hepatic failure. In these patients, THCA is largely conjugated to taurine (tauro-THCA) and excreted instead of being converted into cholic acid. In the present study, the effects of tauro-THCA on hemolysis, bile flow, and hepatic morphology were evaluated in bile fistula rats. All rats infused with tauro-THCA at rates of 0.25, 0.50 or 0.75 micronmol/min developed hemolysis with hemoglobinuria. A direct toxic effect of tauro-THCA on washed human red blood cell membranes was demonstrated at a concentration of 8 X 10(-4) M. Liver biopsy sections from rats infused for a 2 hr period with tauro-THCA were examined by electron microscopy and showed dilation of the rough endoplasmic reticulum and distortion of mitochondrial membranes. Cholestasis was not induced, since tauro-THCA actually caused a greater choleretic response for a given rate of bile salt excretion than did taurocholate. This study raises the possibility that the clinical liver disease seen in patients with a metabolic block in the conversion of THCA into cholic acid may be caused by tauro-THCA.

MeSH Terms (15)

Anemia, Hemolytic Animals Bile Bile Acids and Salts Cholic Acids Endoplasmic Reticulum Female Hemoglobinuria Humans Liver Liver Cirrhosis Mitochondria, Liver Rats Taurine Taurocholic Acid

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