Mechanism of reaction of beta-(aryloxy)acroleins with nucleosides.

Reddy GR, Marnett LJ
Chem Res Toxicol. 1996 9 (1): 12-5

PMID: 8924580 · DOI:10.1021/tx950105t

The mechanism of DNA adduct formation by acroleins substituted with good leaving groups in the beta-position was investigated using [3-2H]-3-(p-nitrophenoxy)acrolein (1). Reaction of 1 with guanosine at acidic pH produced 9-beta-D-ribofuranosylpyrimido[1,2-alpha]purin-10(3H)-one containing equal amounts of deuterium at both carbons 6 and 8, indicating that hydrolysis of 1 to beta-hydroxyacrolein (malondialdehyde) occurred prior to reaction with guanosine. In contrast, reaction of 1 with deoxyguanosine at neutral pH produced 9-(beta-D-2'-deoxyribofuranosyl)pyrimido[1,2-alpha]purin-10(3H)-one with deuterium selectively incorporated at position 8. This indicates that the pyrimido[1,2-alpha]purin-10(3H)-one adduct forms by 1,2-addition of the exocyclic amino group of deoxyguanosine to the aldehyde carbon of 1 followed by cyclization with the ring nitrogen. In concert with these observations, reaction of 1 with p-nitroaniline produced 3-[(p-nitrophenyl)amino]acrolein with deuterium exclusively in the aldehyde carbon. These observations define the chemical steps in DNA adduct formation by acroleins substituted at the beta-position with good leaving groups. In addition, they explain the relatively modest dependence of mutagenicity on leaving group ability in this series of compounds.

MeSH Terms (4)

Acrolein DNA Adducts Mutagens Nucleosides

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