Characterization of novel mutations at the Schizosaccharomyces pombe cdc2 regulatory phosphorylation site, tyrosine 15.

Gould KL, Feoktistova A
Mol Biol Cell. 1996 7 (10): 1573-86

PMID: 8898363 · PMCID: PMC276007 · DOI:10.1091/mbc.7.10.1573

The cdc2 protein kinase family is regulated negatively by phosphorylation in the glycine ATP-binding loop at a conserved tyrosine residue, Y15, alone or in combination with T14 phosphorylation. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe and other systems, substitution of these residues with structurally similar but nonphosphorylatable amino acids has generated proteins (Y15F or T14AY15F) that behave as constitutively tyrosine-dephosphorylated proteins or threonine and tyrosine-dephosphorylated proteins. Here we report the characteristics of three additional mutants at Y15--Y15E, Y15S, and Y15T--in S. pombe cdc2p. All three mutant proteins are active in in vitro kinase assays, but are unable to functionally complement cdc2 loss-of-function mutations in vivo. Additionally, all three mutants are dominant negatives. A more detailed analysis of the Y15T mutant indicates that it can initiate chromosome condensation and F-actin contractile ring formation, but is unable to drive the reorganization of microtubules into a mitotic spindle.

MeSH Terms (17)

CDC2 Protein Kinase Cell Cycle Cell Cycle Proteins Fungal Proteins Genetic Complementation Test Microtubules Mutagenesis, Site-Directed Nuclear Proteins Phosphorylation Phosphotyrosine Protein-Tyrosine Kinases Protein Kinases Protein Processing, Post-Translational Recombinant Fusion Proteins Schizosaccharomyces Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins Tyrosine

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