Multiple determinants controlling activation of yeast replication origins late in S phase.

Friedman KL, Diller JD, Ferguson BM, Nyland SV, Brewer BJ, Fangman WL
Genes Dev. 1996 10 (13): 1595-607

PMID: 8682291 · DOI:10.1101/gad.10.13.1595

Analysis of a 131-kb segment of the left arm of yeast chromosome XIV beginning 157 kb from the telomere reveals four highly active origins of replication that initiate replication late in S phase. Previous work has shown that telomeres act as determinants for late origin activation. However, at least two of the chromosome XIV origins maintain their late activation time when located on large circular plasmids, indicating that late replication is independent of telomeres. Analysis of the replication time of plasmid derivatives containing varying amounts of chromosome XIV DNA show that a minimum of three chromosomal elements, distinct from each tested origin, contribute to late activation time. These late determinants are functionally equivalent, because duplication of one set of contributing sequences can compensate for the removal of another set. Furthermore, insertion of an origin that is normally early activated into this domain results in a shift to late activation, suggesting that the chromosome XIV origins are not unique in their ability to respond to the late determinants.

MeSH Terms (14)

Base Sequence Chromosomes, Fungal Chromosome Walking Cloning, Molecular DNA, Fungal DNA Replication Models, Genetic Molecular Sequence Data Plasmids Replication Origin Restriction Mapping Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sequence Analysis, DNA S Phase

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