Sequence dependence and direct measurement of crossover isomer distribution in model Holliday junctions using NMR spectroscopy.

Carlström G, Chazin WJ
Biochemistry. 1996 35 (11): 3534-44

PMID: 8639504 · DOI:10.1021/bi952571n

A 32-base-pair model of the Holliday junction (HJ) intermediate in genetic recombination has been prepared and analyzed in-depth by 2D and 3D (1)H NMR spectroscopy. This HJ (J2P1) corresponds to a cyclic permutation of the base pairs at the junction relative to a previously studied HJ [J2; Chen, S.-M., & Chazin, W.J. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 11453-11459], designed to probe the effect of the sequence at the n - 1 position (where n is the residue directly at the branch point) on the stacking geometry. Observation of several interbase nuclear Overhauser effects (NOEs) clearly indicates a strong preference for the isomer opposite that observed for J2, confirming the dependence of stacking isomer preference on the sequence at the junction. As for other model HJs studied, a small equilibrium distribution of the alternate isomer could be identified. A sample of J2P1 was prepared with a single (15)N-labeled thymine residue at the branch point. 1D (15)n-filtered (1)H-detected experiments on this sample at low temperature give strong support for the co-existence of the two stacking isomers and provide a much more direct and accurate measure of the crossover isomer distribution. The comparative analysis of our immobile HJs and a model cruciform structure [Pikkemaat, J.A., van den Elst, H., van Boom, J.H., & Altona, C. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 14896-14907] sheds new light on the issue of the relevance of crossover isomer preference in vivo.

MeSH Terms (9)

Base Sequence DNA Hydrogen Bonding Isomerism Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Molecular Sequence Data Nucleic Acid Conformation Recombination, Genetic Solutions

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