Expression and function of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in experimental nephrotic syndrome.

Eddy AA, Warren JS
Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1996 78 (2): 140-51

PMID: 8625556 · DOI:10.1006/clin.1996.0023

This study investigates the expression and function of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in rats with aminonucleoside nephrosis induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN). On Day 7, PAN-treated rats had a sixfold increase in renal MCP-1 messenger (m)RNA levels and a twofold increase in interleukin-1 beta mRNA levels. During the course of PAN nephrosis, most of the de novo MCP-1 protein resembled protein droplets that were prominent in glomeruli between Days 3 and 14 and weaker but visible in tubules between Days 5 and 10. In addition, occasional tubules showed a cytoplasmic staining pattern for MCP-1. Two studies evaluated the effect of MCP-1 neutralization on renal monocyte recruitment. In the first study, PAN-treated rats were treated with affinity-purified MCP-1-neutralizing rabbit IgG on Days 0, 1, 3, and 5; kidneys were harvested on Day 7. There was no difference in the mean number of interstitial macrophages [119 +/- 28 vs 88 +/- 9 ED-1+ cells/1000 tubulointerstitial (TI) cells; 106 +/- 28 vs 119 +/- 33 Ia+ cells/1000 TI cells] or intraglomerular macrophages [2.0 +/- 0.9 vs 1.7 +/- 0.5 ED-1+ cells/glomerular cross section (gcs); 1.2 +/- 0.3 vs 1.1 +/- 0.4 Ia+ cells/gcs] compared with nephrotic rats treated with nonimmune rabbit IgG. In the second study, a group of PAN-treated rats was treated with MCP-1-neutralizing IgG administered continuously by an intraperitoneal miniosmotic pump for 7 days and was compared with a control group treated in an identical fashion with PAN and nonimmune IgG. On Day 7 there was no difference in the mean number of interstitial macrophages (55 +/- 45 vs 67 +/- 16 ED-1+ and 70 +/- 63 vs 61 +/- 13 Ia+ cells/1000 TI cells) and intraglomerular macrophages (1.0 +/- 0.4 vs 1.6 +/- 0.9 ED-1+ and 0.6 +/- 0.1 vs 1.1 +/- 0.7 Ia+ cells/gcs). The results of this study suggest that although MCP-1 gene and protein expression are increased in the kidneys of rats with aminonucleoside nephrosis, MCP-1 does not appear to play an essential role in early renal monocyte recruitment in this model.

MeSH Terms (18)

Animals Cells, Cultured Chemokine CCL2 Chemotaxis, Leukocyte Cytokines Female Humans Immune Sera Immunoglobulin G Injections, Intraperitoneal Injections, Intravenous Monocytes Nephrotic Syndrome Puromycin Aminonucleoside Rats Rats, Inbred Lew Rats, Sprague-Dawley Time Factors

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