Selenoprotein P concentration in plasma is an index of selenium status in selenium-deficient and selenium-supplemented Chinese subjects.

Hill KE, Xia Y, Akesson B, Boeglin ME, Burk RF
J Nutr. 1996 126 (1): 138-45

PMID: 8558294 · DOI:10.1093/jn/126.1.138

Selenoprotein P, a selenium-rich plasma protein, is an index of selenium status in rats. Antibodies against human selenoprotein P were raised to study the protein and to develop a radioimmunoassay for it. A single collection of plasma from a healthy person in the United States contained 1.84 mumol selenium/L and was defined as containing 1 Unit (U) selenoprotein P/L. Removal of selenoprotein P from the reference plasma by an antibody column indicated that 0.81 mumol selenium/L, or 44% of the plasma selenium, was present as selenoprotein P. Work by others had determined that glutathione peroxidase accounted for 12% of plasma selenium. Stored plasma samples from selenium-deficient (Dechang County) and selenium-supplemented (Mianning County) populations in China were assayed for selenoprotein P. Boys aged 8-12 y had selenoprotein P concentrations of 0.10 +/- 0.04 U/L (n = 22) in Dechang and 0.39 +/- 0.17 U/L (n = 17) in Mianning. Supplementation with 100 micrograms selenium as selenate per day for 14 d raised those levels to 0.51 +/- 0.13 U/L in Dechang and to 0.76 +/- 0.27 U/L in Mianning. Similar results were obtained in men, and plasma selenium concentrations correlated with selenoprotein P concentrations. A study comparing indices of selenium status was conducted in the two counties. Selenoprotein P concentration in Dechang subjects (n = 79) was 36% of that in Mianning subjects (n = 117). For plasma glutathione peroxidase activity the value was 54%; for plasma selenium, 47%; and for whole blood selenium, 64%. We conclude that selenoprotein P is the major selenoprotein in human plasma and that its concentration is an index of selenium nutritional status that appears to be as sensitive as other indices in common use.

MeSH Terms (22)

Adolescent Adult Aged Aging Analysis of Variance Child Child, Preschool China Female Food, Fortified Glutathione Peroxidase Health Status Indicators Humans Linear Models Male Middle Aged Proteins Radioimmunoassay Selenium Selenoprotein P Selenoproteins United States

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