The effects of recombinant human growth hormone and intradialytic parenteral nutrition in malnourished hemodialysis patients.

Schulman G, Wingard RL, Hutchison RL, Lawrence P, Hakim RM
Am J Kidney Dis. 1993 21 (5): 527-34

PMID: 8488821

Malnutrition in hemodialysis patients is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The use of intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) to improve nutritional parameters has been shown to be of limited benefit in most studies. We studied the use of recombinant human growth hormone (rHuGH) in potentiating the effects of IDPN in seven hemodialysis patients dialyzed with a Kt/V of 1.03 +/- 0.11 (mean +/- SEM), but with evidence of malnutrition: albumin, 3.2 +/- 0.18 g/dL; transferrin, 215 +/- 30 mg/dL; insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), 115 +/- 19 ng/mL, protein catabolic rate (PCR), 0.70 +/- 0.05 g/kg/d; and weight, 12.3% +/- 4.0% below ideal body weight. During 6 weeks of IDPN, resulting in an additional 18 +/- 4 kcal and 0.69 +/- 0.03 g of protein/kg body weight per dialysis session, albumin concentration increased to 3.5 +/- 0.14 g/dL (compared with baseline, P = NS), transferrin increased to 279 +/- 36 mg/dL (P < 0.002), IGF-1 increased to 152 +/- 32 ng/mL (P = NS), and PCR increased to 0.81 +/- 0.04 g/kg/d (P = NS). During the next 6 weeks, IDPN administration was continued and rHuGH, at a dose of 5 mg subcutaneously during each dialysis, was added to the regimen. This resulted in an increase in albumin concentration to 3.8 +/- 0.08 g/dL (P < or = 0.04 compared with end of IDPN phase), an increase in transferrin to 298 +/- 41 mg/dL (P = NS compared with end of IDPN phase), and an increase in IGF-1 to 212 +/- 45 ng/mL (P = 0.05 compared with end of IDPN phase).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (15)

Adult Aged Combined Modality Therapy Female Growth Hormone Humans Male Middle Aged Nutritional Status Parenteral Nutrition Prospective Studies Protein-Energy Malnutrition Recombinant Proteins Renal Dialysis Treatment Outcome

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