DVR-6 (BMP-6 or Vgr-1) is a member of the TGF-beta superfamily of polypeptide signaling molecules. In situ hybridization studies have previously shown that DVR-6 RNA is expressed in a variety of cell types in the mouse embryo, but no information has been available on protein localization and biosynthesis. We have produced a polyclonal antibody to the proregion of DVR-6 and used it to localize the protein in whole mount and sectioned embryonic, newborn, and adult mouse tissues. DVR-6 protein is expressed in the mouse nervous system beginning at 9.5 days postcoitum (d.p.c.) and continues through adulthood. A variety of epithelial tissues also produce DVR-6 protein, including the suprabasal layer of the skin, bronchiolar epithelium, and the cornea. Additionally, a stably transfected cell line, BMGE+H/D6c4, is used to study the biosynthesis of DVR-6 protein and evidence is presented for translational regulation of DVR-6 expression.