Expression and purification of functional human 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase (P450c17) in Escherichia coli. Use of this system for study of a novel form of combined 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency.

Imai T, Globerman H, Gertner JM, Kagawa N, Waterman MR
J Biol Chem. 1993 268 (26): 19681-9

PMID: 8396144

Enzymatically active human 17 alpha-hydroxylase cytochrome P450 (P450c17) has been expressed in and purified from Escherichia coli. The cDNA containing modifications within the amino-terminal eight codons which are favorable for expression in E. coli, as well as codons for 4 histidine residues at the carboxyl terminus, was placed in the pCWori+ expression vector. The modified human P450c17 was detected spectrophotometrically (400 nmol of P450c17/liter culture) and was found to be integrated into E. coli membranes. This previously inaccessible human P450 was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity (10.7 nmol of P450/mg) from solubilized bacterial membranes using two sequential chromatographic steps, nickel nitrilotriacetate followed by hydroxylapatite. The expected enzymatic activities of human P450c17 were reconstituted by addition of purified rat liver NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase, giving turnover numbers of 8.0 nmol/min/nmol P450 for pregnenolone, 6.5 nmol/min/nmol P450 for progesterone, 0.06 nmol/min/nmol P450 for 17 alpha-hydroxypregnenolone, and no detectable activity for 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone. This system was utilized to study the molecular basis of a novel form of combined 17 alpha-hydroxylase, 17,20-lyase deficiency resulting from compound heterozygous mutations, a missense point mutation Tyr64(TAT)--> Ser (TCT), and an Ile112 duplication (ATCATC). Upon expression of these mutant proteins in E. coli, the Tyr64 mutant has 15% of the wild type 17 alpha-hydroxylase activity, whereas the Ile112 duplication shows no activity, results consistent with the observed clinical phenotype.

MeSH Terms (27)

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Amino Acid Sequence Androgens Animals Base Sequence Chorionic Gonadotropin Cloning, Molecular DNA Escherichia coli Gene Expression Humans Infant Liver Male Molecular Sequence Data Mutagenesis, Site-Directed NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase Plasmids Point Mutation Rats Recombinant Proteins Sequence Homology, Amino Acid Serine Steroid 17-alpha-Hydroxylase Steroids Testis Tyrosine

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