, a bio/informatics shared resource is still "open for business" - Visit the CDS website


c-jun inhibits transcriptional activation by the insulin enhancer, and the insulin control element is the target of control.

Henderson E, Stein R
Mol Cell Biol. 1994 14 (1): 655-62

PMID: 8264634 · PMCID: PMC358415 · DOI:10.1128/mcb.14.1.655

Selective transcription of the insulin gene in pancreatic beta cells is regulated by its enhancer, located between nucleotides -340 and -91 relative to the transcription start site. One of the principal control elements within the enhancer is found between nucleotides -100 and -91 (GCCATCTGCT, referred to as the insulin control element [ICE]) and is regulated by both positive- and negative-acting transcription factors in the helix-loop-helix (HLH) family. It was previously shown that the c-jun proto-oncogene can repress insulin gene transcription. We have found that c-jun inhibits ICE-stimulated transcription. Inhibition of ICE-directed transcription is mediated by sequences within the carboxy-terminal region of the protein. These c-jun sequences span an activation domain and the basic leucine zipper DNA binding-dimerization region of the protein. Both regions of c-jun are conserved within the other members of the jun family: junB and junD. These proteins also suppress ICE-mediated transcription. The jun proteins do not appear to inhibit insulin gene transcription by binding directly to the ICE. c-jun and junB also block the trans-activation potential of two skeletal muscle-specific HLH proteins, MyoD and myogenin. These results suggests that the jun proteins may be common transcription control factors used in skeletal muscle and pancreatic beta cells to regulate HLH-mediated activity. We discuss the possible significance of these observations to insulin gene transcription in pancreatic beta cells.

MeSH Terms (17)

Animals Base Sequence Binding Sites Cell Line DNA Enhancer Elements, Genetic Genes, jun Helix-Loop-Helix Motifs Humans Insulin Islets of Langerhans Molecular Sequence Data Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun Rabbits Rats Transcription, Genetic Transcriptional Activation

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities:

Links