Satisfactorily attenuated and protective mutants derived from a partially attenuated cold-passaged respiratory syncytial virus mutant by introduction of additional attenuating mutations during chemical mutagenesis.

Crowe JE, Bui PT, London WT, Davis AR, Hung PP, Chanock RM, Murphy BR
Vaccine. 1994 12 (8): 691-9

PMID: 8091846 · DOI:10.1016/0264-410x(94)90218-6

A cold-passaged RSV mutant, designated cp-RSV, which acquired host range mutations during 52 passages at low temperature in bovine tissue culture, was completely attenuated for seropositive adults and children but retained the capacity to cause upper respiratory disease in seronegative infants. We sought to introduce additional attenuating mutations, such as temperature-sensitive (ts) and small-plaque (sp) mutations, into the cp-RSV mutant, which is a ts+ virus, in order to generate a mutant which would be satisfactorily attenuated in seronegative infants and young children. Nine mutants of cp-RSV, which had acquired either the ts or small-plaque sp phenotype, were generated by chemical mutagenesis with 5-fluorouracil. The two ts mutants with the lowest in vitro shut-off temperature, namely the cpts-248 (38 degrees C) and cpts-530 (39 degrees C) mutants, were the most restricted of the nine cp-RSV mutant progeny tested for efficiency of replication in Balb/c mice. In seronegative chimpanzees, the cpts-248 mutant replicated fourfold less efficiently in the nasopharynx and caused significantly less rhinorrhoea than its cp-RSV parent. The cpts-248 mutant virus, like its cp-RSV parent, was 1000-fold restricted in replication in the trachea compared with wild-type RSV. Previously, another candidate RSV live attenuated vaccine strain, a mutant designated ts-1, exhibited some instability of its ts phenotype following replication in susceptible humans or chimpanzees. Hence, we sought cp-RSV ts progeny that exhibited a greater degree of stability of the ts phenotype than the prototype ts-1 mutant.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (19)

Animals Cell Line Chlorocebus aethiops Cold Temperature Female Humans Male Mice Mice, Inbred BALB C Mice, Nude Mutagenesis Pan troglodytes Respiratory Syncytial Viruses Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections Serial Passage Vaccines, Attenuated Vero Cells Viral Vaccines Virus Replication

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