Equilibrium denaturation of recombinant human FK binding protein in urea.

Egan DA, Logan TM, Liang H, Matayoshi E, Fesik SW, Holzman TF
Biochemistry. 1993 32 (8): 1920-7

PMID: 7680574 · DOI:10.1021/bi00059a006

The equilibrium folding behavior of recombinant human FK-binding protein, a peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans-isomerase, was examined by urea-induced denaturation using probes of protein structure including intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence, second-derivative UV absorbance, CD, and NMR. All optical probes of protein structure indicate that FKBP is capable of folding reversibly. The second-derivative UV absorbance and CD probes of the structure exhibited urea denaturation transitions at approximately 4.3 M urea. The fluorescence of the single protein tryptophan is quenched in the folded state. During the unfolding-folding transition, the unquenching of tryptophan fluorescence occurs at a slightly lower urea concentration (3.9 M urea) than the changes observed for the other optical probes of folding. These probes of structure demonstrate little dependence on protein concentration in the range of 0.2- approximately 3 mg/mL across the urea-induced denaturation transition. The reversibility of the unfolding-folding transition was confirmed from two-dimensional 15N/1H heteronuclear single-quantum coherence (HSQC) spectra of [U-15N]FKBP. In addition, the native-denatured transitions for 57 individual amino acids were determined from an analysis of these spectra acquired at different urea concentrations. Analysis of the transitions for all clearly observable HSQC cross peaks for residues distributed throughout the protein and comparison to the optical folding transitions, indicate that FKBP global folding is consistent with a two-state process. Although direct measurement of FKBP catalytic activity in urea was complex, enzyme activity was observed up to the beginning of the FKBP urea-denaturation transition.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (15)

Amino Acid Sequence Carrier Proteins Circular Dichroism Humans Kinetics Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Models, Molecular Protein Conformation Protein Denaturation Recombinant Proteins Spectrometry, Fluorescence Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet Tacrolimus Tacrolimus Binding Proteins Urea

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