The D5 dopamine receptor gene in schizophrenia: identification of a nonsense change and multiple missense changes but lack of association with disease.

Sobell JL, Lind TJ, Sigurdson DC, Zald DH, Snitz BE, Grove WM, Heston LL, Sommer SS
Hum Mol Genet. 1995 4 (4): 507-14

PMID: 7633397 · DOI:10.1093/hmg/4.4.507

To determine whether mutations in the D5 dopamine receptor gene (DRD5) are associated with schizophrenia, the gene was examined in 78 unrelated schizophrenic individuals (156 DRD5 alleles). After amplification by the polymerase chain reaction, products were examined by dideoxy fingerprinting (ddF), a screening method related to single strand conformational polymorphism analysis that detects essentially 100% of mutations. All samples with abnormal ddF patterns were sequenced. Nine different sequence changes were identified. Five of these were sequence changes that would result in protein alterations; of these, one was a nonsense change (C335X), one was a missense change in an amino acid conserved in all dopamine receptors (N351D), two were missense changes in amino acids that are identical in only some dopamine receptors and in only some species (A269V; S453C), and one was a missense change in a non-conserved amino acid (P330Q). To investigate whether the nonsense change (C335X), predicted to prematurely truncate the receptor protein and result in a 50% diminution of functional protein, was associated with schizophrenia, other neuropsychiatric diseases, or specific neuropsychological, psychophysiological, or personality traits, both case-control and family analyses were performed. No statistically-significant associations were detected with schizophrenia or other neuropsychiatric disease. There also were no significant associations between any one measure of neuropsychological function. However, a post-hoc analysis of combined measures of frontal lobe function hinted that heterozygotes for C335X may have a vulnerability to mild impairment, but these findings must be interpreted with caution.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (16)

Adult Alleles Base Sequence DNA Mutational Analysis DNA Primers Female Humans Male Middle Aged Molecular Sequence Data Mutation Pedigree Receptors, Dopamine Receptors, Dopamine D1 Receptors, Dopamine D5 Schizophrenia

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