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Graft-versus-host-disease prophylaxis for matched unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation: comparison between cyclosporine-methotrexate and cyclosporine-methotrexate-methylprednisolone.

Leelasiri A, Greer JP, Stein RS, Goodman S, Brandt SA, Edwards JR, Wolff SN
Bone Marrow Transplant. 1995 15 (3): 401-5

PMID: 7599565

We performed a sequential study comparing two regimens, cyclosporine-methotrexate (CsA-MTX) and cyclosporine-methotrexate-methylprednisolone (CsA-MTX-MP) for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in patients undergoing matched unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation (MUD BMT). Study end-points were the development of GVHD, various infectious complications and survival. Twenty nine patients with malignant hematologic disease without HLA-compatible family donors were treated between May 1990 and November 1993. All donors were volunteers from the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) serologically HLA-A-A, B and DR identical. MLC reactivity and high resolution DR DNA typing were not used to exclude donors. Sixteen patients received CsA-MTX and 13 patients received CsA-MTX-MP. CsA and MTX doses were the same in both groups: CsA 1.5 mg/kg i.v. over 2h every 12h beginning the day prior to transplant (day-1) and MTX 10 mg/m2 i.v. bolus on days +1, +3 and +6 with leucovorin on days +2, +4 and +7. MP was administered at a dose of 0.25 mg/kg i.v. every 12h beginning on day +7 and increased to 0.5 mg/kg on day +14. Beginning on day +35 MP and CsA were tapered 5% per week with targeted discontinuation at 6 months. Both groups were comparable for primary disease, preparative regimen, recipient age (median 33 VS 33 years), donor age (median 39 vs 39.5 years), donor-recipient sex, donor ABO mismatch and serologic CMV positivity. All patients received similar supportive care.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (17)

Adolescent Adult Bone Marrow Transplantation Child Child, Preschool Cyclosporine Drug Therapy, Combination Female Graft vs Host Disease Histocompatibility Humans Incidence Infections Male Methotrexate Methylprednisolone Survival Rate

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