Serial assessment of adnexal masses with transvaginal color Doppler sonography.

Fleischer AC, Cullinan JA, Jones HW, Peery CV, Bluth RF, Kepple DM
Ultrasound Med Biol. 1995 21 (4): 435-41

PMID: 7571136 · DOI:10.1016/0301-5629(94)00145-4

Transvaginal color Doppler sonography (TV-CDS) was performed on 64 women with adnexal masses at 3, 6 and 12 weeks after initial presentation. In 47 (72% of patients studied), the pelvic mass demonstrated a decrease in size and increase in pulsatility index (PI) after 12 weeks. Of the patients undergoing surgery in this group, one had a tubo-ovarian abscess, one diverticular abscess and one hydrosalpinx. In seven patients (10%), there was no change in size or PI. Three in this group had an endometrioma, whereas two had a peritoneal cyst. In five (7%), there was no change in size and an increase in PI. One of these patients had a mucinous cystadenoma. In three (5%), there was a decrease in size and PI. Two of these patients had a tubo-ovarian abscess. In two (3%) patients studied, the mass showed an increase in size and decrease in PI; both had corpora luteum cysts with acute hemorrhage. Seventy-two percent of masses with high impedance underwent regression, whereas only 21% of lesions with low impedance did. Only 20% of masses demonstrating low impedance or morphologically complex structure regressed. Sixty-five percent of lesions that regressed had a significant drop in PI, whereas all the lesions that showed no change in size or enlargement had either no change or decrease in PI. Probability of regression was the greatest in young women (less than 40 years of age) and in masses < 5 cm. Ninety-three percent of women with persistent masses that underwent progestational suppression demonstrated regression with decrease of PI and peak systolic velocity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (24)

Abdominal Abscess Adnexal Diseases Adolescent Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Cystadenoma, Mucinous Cysts Disease Progression Diverticulitis, Colonic Endometriosis Fallopian Tube Diseases Female Follow-Up Studies Hemorrhage Humans Middle Aged Ovarian Cysts Ovarian Diseases Ovarian Neoplasms Peritoneal Diseases Pulsatile Flow Remission Induction Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color

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