A monoclonal antibody inhibits adhesion to fibronectin and vitronectin of a colon carcinoma cell line and recognizes the integrins alpha v beta 3, alpha v beta 5, and alpha v beta 6.

Lehmann M, Rabenandrasana C, Tamura R, Lissitzky JC, Quaranta V, Pichon J, Marvaldi J
Cancer Res. 1994 54 (8): 2102-7

PMID: 7513610

Using whole viable human colon carcinoma HT29 cells as immunogen, we produced a monoclonal antibody (mAb) termed 69-6-5. The antibody was functionally selected on its anti-cell-spreading activity. By immunoprecipitation of surface radiolabeled cell lysates from HT29-D4 cells (an HT29 cell clone), mAb 69-6-5 recognized a molecular complex resembling integrin heterodimers. Sequential immunodepletions with mAb to the integrin alpha v subunit demonstrated that this complex was composed of alpha v-containing integrins. Accordingly, mAb 69-6-5 reacted with integrin alpha v beta 3 immunopurified from melanoma cells and integrins alpha v beta 5 and alpha v beta 6 immunopurified from pancreatic carcinoma cells. In cell adhesion assays, the 69-6-5 mAb was able to inhibit strongly in a dose-dependent manner arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-mediated adhesion of HT29-D4 cells to vitronectin, fibronectin, or ProNectin F but not to laminin or collagen. Immunoprecipitations with beta chain-specific antisera indicated that these cells express integrins alpha v beta 5 (receptor for vitronectin) and alpha v beta 6 (receptor for fibronectin) but neither alpha v beta 1 nor alpha v beta 3. In summary, these results indicated that mAb 69-6-5 reacts with several alpha v integrins and that it can effectively interfere with the adhesive functions of at least alpha v beta 5 and alpha v beta 6, which represent the major receptors on HT29-D4 cells responsible for their adhesion on vitronectin and fibronectin.

MeSH Terms (20)

Amino Acid Sequence Antibodies, Monoclonal Antigens, Neoplasm Cell Adhesion Cell Line Cell Movement Colonic Neoplasms Cross Reactions Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel Epitopes Fibronectins Glycoproteins Humans Integrins Molecular Sequence Data Molecular Weight Receptors, Cytoadhesin Receptors, Vitronectin Tumor Cells, Cultured Vitronectin

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