Cold-passaged, temperature-sensitive mutants of human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are highly attenuated, immunogenic, and protective in seronegative chimpanzees, even when RSV antibodies are infused shortly before immunization.

Crowe JE, Bui PT, Siber GR, Elkins WR, Chanock RM, Murphy BR
Vaccine. 1995 13 (9): 847-55

PMID: 7483808 · DOI:10.1016/0264-410x(94)00074-w

A cold-passaged (cp) temperature-sensitive (ts) RSV mutant, designated RSV cpts-530, which possesses host-range mutations acquired during 52 passages at low temperature in bovine tissue culture and one or more ts mutations induced by chemical mutagenesis (shut-off temperature 39 degrees C) was found previously to be tenfold restricted in its replication in mice as compared to wild-type virus and stable genetically in nude mice. In the current study, we introduced additional attenuating mutations, such as small-plaque (sp) or ts mutations, into cpts-530 by chemical mutagenesis with 5-fluorouracil, with the intent of obtaining derivatives of cpts-530 that were more attenuated in mice or chimpanzees and that were more stable genetically following replication in vivo. Fourteen mutants of RSV cpts-530 which had acquired an additional ts mutation were identified and found to be more restricted in replication in BALB/c mice than the cpts-530 parental strain. One mutant, designated cpts-530/1009 (shut-off temperature 36 degrees C), was 30 times more restricted in replication in the nasal turbinates of mice and threefold more restricted in the nasopharynx of seronegative chimpanzees than its cpts-530 parent. Like its parent, this mutant was highly restricted (30,000-fold) in replication in the lower respiratory tract of chimpanzees even following direct intratracheal inoculation. The cpts-530 and cpts-530/1009 mutants exhibited a high level of stability of the ts phenotype during replication in chimpanzees.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (20)

Animals Antibodies, Viral Cell Line, Transformed Chlorocebus aethiops Cold Temperature Female Humans Immunization, Passive Male Mice Mice, Inbred BALB C Mutation Neutralization Tests Pan troglodytes Respiratory Syncytial Viruses Serial Passage Vaccines, Attenuated Vero Cells Viral Vaccines Virus Replication

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