Sex differences in mathematical ability: fact or artifact?

Benbow CP, Stanley JC
Science. 1980 210 (4475): 1262-4

PMID: 7434028 · DOI:10.1126/science.7434028

A substantial sex difference in mathematical reasoning ability (score on the mathematics test of the Scholastic Aptitude Test) in favor of boys was found in a study of 9927 intellectually gifted junior high school students. Our data contradict the hypothesis that differential course-taking accounts for observed sex differences in mathematical ability, but support the hypothesis that these differences are somewhat increased by environmental influences.

MeSH Terms (10)

Adolescent Environment Female Humans Intelligence Logic Male Mathematics Sex Sociology

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