Pirmenol kinetics and effective oral dose.

Hammill SC, Shand DG, Harrell FE, Zimmerman JM, Reiter MJ, Verghese C, Pritchett EL
Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1982 32 (6): 686-91

PMID: 7140134 · DOI:10.1038/clpt.1982.224

The oral form of pirmenol has not been administered to man. Pirmenol was given by mouth to eight patients with chronic, stable premature ventricular beats (PVBs) to determine effective dose and kinetics. The patients were evaluated with a dose-ranging protocol following by a double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled study of doses that were effective during dose ranging. Oral doses of 150 to 250 mg induced at least 90% suppression of PVBs 18 of the 19 times they were administered during both protocols. During the double blind experiment, a single oral dose of pirmenol suppressed 95 +/- 8% PVBs/hr (mean +/- SD) for 3 consecutive hr, while placebo suppressed 4 +/- 42% PVBs/hr (P less than 0.01). a 90% or greater reduction in PVBs persisted for a median of 6 hr (range 1 to 8 hr). The range of plasma pirmenol concentrations associated with an at last 90% reduction in PVBs was 0.7 to 2.0 micrograms/ml. Median half-life (t1/2) was 9.3 hr (range 6.0 to 12.4) with 86.6 +/- 2.4% protein binding and 82.6 +/- 23.6% bioavailability. At peak drug level there was lengthening of the QTc interval (0.036 sec, P less than 0.05), but no change in heart rate, blood pressure, PR interval or QRS duration, or symptoms. In this single-dose study, pirmenol effectively reduced PVBs, has a relatively long t1/2, and was minimally toxic.

MeSH Terms (12)

Administration, Oral Blood Pressure Cardiovascular Diseases Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Double-Blind Method Heart Rate Humans Kinetics Male Middle Aged Piperidines Time Factors

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