[1-14C]Eicosatetraenoic (arachidonic) acid was incubated with a low speed (17,000 X g) rabbit renal cortical supernatant or with a cortical microsomal suspension fortified with NADPH for 15 min at 37 degrees C. The products which were less polar than prostaglandins on reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Both the fortified microsomes and the low speed supernatant formed significant amounts of two novel metabolites, 11,12-dihydroxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid and 14,15-dihydroxy-5,8,11-eicosatrienoic acid. Other identified products were 19- and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, 19-oxoeicosatetraenoic acid, and in the low speed supernatant, eicosatetraen-1,20-dioic acid. The metabolites were not formed in significant amounts by high speed cortical supernatant or by nonfortified cortical microsomes. Carbon monoxide inhibited formation of these compounds, indicating that they may be formed by the cytochrome P-450-linked renal monooxygenase systems.