Molecular cloning of a cDNA sequence for rat malic enzyme. Direct evidence for induction in vivo of rat liver malic enzyme mRNA by thyroid hormone.

Magnuson MA, Nikodem VM
J Biol Chem. 1983 258 (20): 12712-7

PMID: 6195157

Malic enzyme (EC 1.1.1.40) mRNA was partially purified to 12% of total mRNA activity (greater than 150-fold enrichment) from 3-5-3'-triiodo-L-thyronine-carbohydrate-stimulated rat liver by polysome immunopurification followed by oligo(dT)-cellulose chromatography. This preparation was used as the template for synthesis of cDNA on a pBR322-SV40 hybrid plasmid DNA primer which was then circularized with linker DNA and used to transform Escherichia coli. The resulting transformants were screened by in situ differential hybridization using 32P-labeled poly(A+)RNA prepared from uninduced and 3-5-3'-triiodo-L-thyronine-carbohydrate-induced rat livers. Of 750 transformants screened, 6 were found to hybridize differentially; 1 of these, prME, contained an insert of about 1250 base pairs and hybrid-selected an mRNA which directed synthesis of malic enzyme in a cell-free translation system. Using this cDNA as a probe, we demonstrated that the level of malic enzyme mRNA after thyroid hormone treatment was markedly increased and the size of the major malic enzyme mRNA was shown by Northern analysis to be about 2700 nucleotides in length.

MeSH Terms (19)

Animals Cloning, Molecular DNA Female Kinetics Liver Malate Dehydrogenase Plasmids Poly A Polyribosomes Protein Biosynthesis Rats Rats, Inbred Strains RNA RNA, Messenger Simian virus 40 Templates, Genetic Transcription, Genetic Triiodothyronine

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