Oxidation of C-1 compounds by Pseudomonas sp. MS.

Kung HF, Wagner C
Biochem J. 1970 116 (3): 357-65

PMID: 5435683 · PMCID: PMC1185373 · DOI:10.1042/bj1160357

Pseudomonas sp. MS is capable of growth on a number of compounds containing only C(1) groups. They include trimethylsulphonium salts, methylamine, dimethylamine and trimethylamine. Although formaldehyde and formate will not support growth they are rapidly oxidized by intact cells. Methanol neither supports growth nor is oxidized. A particulate fraction of the cell oxidizes methylamine to carbon dioxide in the absence of any external electron acceptor. Formaldehyde and formate are more slowly oxidized to carbon dioxide by the particulate fraction, although they do not appear to be free intermediates in the oxidation of methylamine. Soluble NAD-linked formaldehyde dehydrogenase and formate dehydrogenase are also present. The particulate methylamine oxidase is induced by growth on methylamine, dimethylamine and trimethylamine, whereas the soluble formaldehyde dehydrogenase and formate dehydrogenase are induced by trimethylsulphonium nitrate as well as the aforementioned amines.

MeSH Terms (18)

Amines Amino Acids Carbon Dioxide Carbon Isotopes Culture Media Enzyme Induction Ethanol Formaldehyde Formates Hexoses Lactates Methane Methanol Methotrexate Oxidoreductases Pseudomonas Pyruvates Succinates

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