Regulation of ketogenesis by epinephrine and norepinephrine in the overnight-fasted, conscious dog.

Steiner KE, Fuchs H, Williams PE, Stevenson RW, Cherrington AD, Alberti KG
Diabetes. 1985 34 (5): 425-32

PMID: 3886459 · DOI:10.2337/diab.34.5.425

The effects on ketogenesis and lipolysis of a norepinephrine (0.04 microgram/kg-min), epinephrine (0.04 microgram/kg-min), or saline infusion were examined in the overnight-fasted, conscious dog. Plasma insulin and glucagon levels were maintained constant by means of a somatostatin infusion (0.8 microgram/kg-min) and intraportal replacement infusions of insulin and glucagon. In saline-infused dogs, plasma epinephrine (62 +/- 8 pg/ml), norepinephrine (92 +/- 29 pg/ml), blood glycerol (87 +/- 10 microM), and plasma nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) (0.82 +/- 0.17 mM) levels did not change. Total blood ketone body levels tended to rise (62 +/- 10 to 83 +/- 11 microM) by 3 h as did total ketone body production (1.5 +/- 0.4 to 2.2 +/- 0.4 mumol/kg-min) over the same time interval. Norepinephrine infusion to produce plasma levels of 447 +/- 86 pg/ml caused a sustained 50% rise in glycerol levels (66 +/- 17 to 99 +/- 15 mumol/L, P less than 0.05) and 53% rise in nonesterified fatty acids (0.53 +/- 0.07 to 0.81 +/- 0.15 mumol/L, P less than 0.05). Total ketone body levels rose by 43% (51 +/- 8 to 73 +/- 10 mumol/L) and ketone body production rose by a similar proportion (1.5 +/- 0.2 to 2.2 +/- 0.3 mumol/kg-min), changes that did not differ significantly from control animals. A similar increment in plasma epinephrine levels (75 +/- 15 to 475 +/- 60 pg/ml) caused glycerol levels to rise by 82% (105 +/- 23 to 191 +/- 26 mumol/L) in 30 min, but this rise was not sustained and the level fell to 146 +/- 14 mumol/L by 120 min.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (15)

Animals Blood Glucose Dogs Epinephrine Fasting Fatty Acids, Nonesterified Female Glucagon Glycerol Insulin Ketone Bodies Lactates Lipolysis Male Norepinephrine

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