In vitro establishment is not a sufficient prerequisite for transformation by activated ras oncogenes.

Franza BR, Maruyama K, Garrels JI, Ruley HE
Cell. 1986 44 (3): 409-18

PMID: 3510745 · DOI:10.1016/0092-8674(86)90462-9

Activated ras genes transform REF52 cells only at low frequencies and adenovirus early region 1A collaborates with ras oncogenes to convert REF52 cells to a tumorigenic phenotype. While failure to transform did not result from an absence of ras gene expression, E1A appeared to enhance expression of transfected ras genes by approximately tenfold. However, enhanced ras expression alone does not account for collaboration by E1A since overexpression of T24 Ha-ras p21 induced morphological crisis and cell growth arrest rather than stable transformation. These results indicate that E1A contributes complementing biochemical activities that enable ras genes to transform REF52 and suggest that the role of E1A in primary cell transformation may extend beyond facilitating in vitro establishment.

MeSH Terms (9)

Adenoviridae Cell Line Cell Transformation, Neoplastic Enhancer Elements, Genetic Genes, Viral Neoplasm Proteins Oncogenes Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) Transfection

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