Renal response to 9 alpha, 11 beta-prostaglandin F2 in the rat.

Stier CT, Roberts LJ, Wong PY
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1987 243 (2): 487-91

PMID: 3479549

9 alpha, 11 beta-Prostaglandin F2 (9 alpha, 11 beta-PGF2) is a novel PG formed from PGD2 by the action of 11-ketoreductase which has been shown to exist in the liver, lung and kidneys. 9 alpha, 11 beta-PGF2 has been reported to possess platelet antiaggregatory, vasoconstrictor and bronchoconstrictor properties. To define further the biological activity of 9 alpha, 11 beta-PGF2, with respect to kidney function, studies were conducted in anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats prepared for renal clearance measurements. Intravenous infusion of highly-purified 9 alpha, 11 beta-PGF2 (2.5 micrograms/min, n = 9) elevated urine flow (28 +/- 6 microliter/min, P less than .05), urinary sodium/potassium (0.96 +/- 0.31, P less than .05), hematocrit (0.5 +/- 0.3, volumes/100 ml, P less than .05) and urinary sodium excretion (2.3 +/- 1.0 microEq/min). Similar responses but of greater magnitude were obtained with PGF2 alpha (2.5 micrograms/min). Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were unaffected. In contrast, PGD2 (2.5 micrograms/min) resulted in decreases in MAP and concomitant reductions in GFR, urine flow and sodium excretion. Abrupt and pronounced increases in urine flow and sodium excretion were observed on administration of 9 alpha, 11 beta-PGF2 at 7.5 micrograms/min. 9 alpha, 11 beta-PGF2 (2.5 micrograms/min) produced consistent increases in urine flow and the excretion of sodium and chloride in rats treated with meclofenamate, 2 mg/kg/hr i.v., indicating that these responses were not dependent on endogenous PG synthesis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (13)

Animals Blood Pressure Dinoprost Glomerular Filtration Rate Kidney Male Potassium Prostaglandin D2 Prostaglandins D Prostaglandins F Rats Rats, Inbred Strains Sodium

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