Sulfated N-linked oligosaccharides in mammalian cells. III. Characterization of a pancreatic carcinoma cell surface glycoprotein with N- and O-sulfate esters on asparagine-linked glycans.

Sundblad G, Kajiji S, Quaranta V, Freeze HH, Varki A
J Biol Chem. 1988 263 (18): 8897-903

PMID: 3379052

In the preceding two papers, we described two new classes of sulfated N-linked oligosaccharides isolated from total cellular 35SO4-labeled macromolecules of different mammalian cell lines. The first class carries various combinations of sialic acids and 6-O-sulfate esters on typical complex-type chains, while the second carries heparin and heparan-like sequences. In this study, we have characterized a sulfophosphoglycoprotein of 140 kDa from FG-Met-2 pancreatic cancer cells whose oligosaccharides share some properties of both these classes. The molecule was localized to the cell surface by electron microscopy using a monoclonal antibody (S3-53) and by cell surface 125I-labeling. Metabolic labeling of the cells with radioactive glucosamine, methionine, inorganic sulfate, or phosphate all demonstrated a single 140-kDa molecule. Pulse-chase analysis and tunicamycin treatment indicated the glycosylation of a putative primary translation product of 110 kDa via an intermediate (120 kDa) to the mature form (140 kDa). Digestion with peptide:N-glycosidase F (PNGaseF) indicated a minimum of four N-linked glycosylation sites. PNGaseF released more than 90% of the [6-3H]GlcNH2 label and 40-70% of 35SO4 label from the immunoprecipitated 140-kDa molecule. The isolated oligosaccharides were characterized as described in the preceding two papers. The majority of [6-3H]GlcNH2-labeled molecules were susceptible to neuraminidase. More than 50% of the 35SO4 label was associated with only 5-10% of the 3H-labeled chains. Some of the sulfated chains were partly sialylated molecules with four to five negative charges. Treatment with nitrous acid released about 25% of the 35SO4 label as free sulfate, together with 6% of the [6-3H]GlcNH2 label, indicating the presence of N-sulfated glucosamine residues. Some of these oligosaccharides were degraded by heparinase and heparitinase. Therefore, while they are not as highly charged as typical heparin or heparan chains, they must share structural features that permit recognition by the enzymes. Thus, this 140-kDa glycoprotein contains at least four asparagine-linked chains substituted with a heterogeneous mixture of sulfated sequences. The heterogeneity of these molecules is as extensive as that described for whole-cell sulfated N-linked oligosaccharides in the preceding two papers.

MeSH Terms (10)

Asparagine Cell Membrane Humans Membrane Glycoproteins Microscopy, Electron Molecular Weight Neuraminidase Oligosaccharides Pancreatic Neoplasms Sulfuric Acids

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