Net hepatic lactate balance following mixed meal feeding in the four-day fasted conscious dog.

Davis MA, Williams PE, Cherrington AD
Metabolism. 1987 36 (9): 856-62

PMID: 3306279 · DOI:10.1016/0026-0495(87)90094-1

The present experiments were undertaken to determine whether four days of fasting and marked hepatic glycogen depletion would alter the effect of mixed meal feeding on net hepatic lactate balance in the conscious dog. Dogs were fasted for four days and were then fed a mixed meal over a ten-minute period. Net hepatic glucose and lactate balance were monitored for the next eight hours using the A-V difference technique. The arterial plasma glucose level rose to a maximum of 121 +/- 3 mg/dL three hours after feeding and then decreased. Net hepatic glucose output declined to 0.44 +/- 0.44 mg/kg/min but the liver never became a net consumer of glucose. The arterial blood lactate level rose from 678 +/- 71 to 1000 +/- 158 mumol/L as the liver switched from net lactate uptake (12.2 +/- 2.0 mumol/kg/min) to net lactate production (4.3 +/- 1.7 mumol/kg/min). Over the course of the eight-hour postprandial period 25 g of glycogen were deposited in the liver. The net hepatic uptake of the gluconeogenic amino acids rose from 6.1 +/- 1.2 mumol/kg/min to a peak of 15.4 +/- 4.3 mumol/kg/min one hour after feeding. Net hepatic uptake of glycerol fell from 3.0 +/- 0.3 mumol/kg/min to an average of 1.5 +/- 0.4 mumol/kg/min. The plasma insulin level increased from 13 +/- 2 microU/mL at 3.5 hours and fell to 32 +/- 7 microU/mL by 8 hours. The plasma glucagon level rose from 22 +/- 3 pg/mL to 93 +/- 12 pg/mL 1.5 hours after feeding and fell to 68 +/- 6 pg/mL 8 hours after feeding.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (16)

Amino Acids Animals Blood Urea Nitrogen Dogs Fasting Female Food Glucagon Glucose Glycerol Insulin Lactates Lactic Acid Liver Liver Glycogen Male

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