Cancer Treatment-Associated Pericardial Disease: Epidemiology, Clinical Presentation, Diagnosis, and Management.

Ala CK, Klein AL, Moslehi JJ
Curr Cardiol Rep. 2019 21 (12): 156

PMID: 31768769 · DOI:10.1007/s11886-019-1225-6

PURPOSE OF REVIEW - Cancer therapeutics have seen tremendous growth in the last decade and have been effective in the treatment of several cancer types. However, with advanced therapies like kinase inhibitors and immunotherapies, there have been unintended consequences of cardiotoxicities. While traditional chemotherapy and radiation-induced cardiotoxicity have been well studied, further research is needed to understand the adverse effects of newer regimens.

RECENT FINDINGS - Both immune-mediated and non-immune-medicated cytotoxicity have been noted with targeted therapies such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors and immune checkpoint inhibitors. In this manuscript, we describe the pericardial syndromes associated with cancer therapies and propose management strategies. Pericardial effusion and pericarditis are common presentations in cancer patients and often difficult to diagnose. Concomitant myocarditis may also present with pericardial toxicity, especially with immunotherapies. In addition to proper history and physical, additional testing such as cardiovascular imaging and tissue histology need to be obtained as appropriate. Holding the offending oncology drug, and institution of anti-inflammatory medications, and immunosuppressants such as steroids are indicated. A high index of suspicion, use of standardized definitions, and comprehensive evaluation are needed for early identification, appropriate treatment, and better outcomes for patients with cancer treatment-associated pericardial disease. Further research is needed to understand the pathophysiology and to evaluate how the management of pericardial conditions in these patients differ from traditional management and also evaluate new therapies.

MeSH Terms (9)

Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological Cardiotoxicity Cardiovascular Diseases Humans Immunotherapy Neoplasms Pericarditis Pericardium Risk Factors

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