The relationship between domain-specific subjective cognitive decline and Alzheimer's pathology in normal elderly adults.

Shokouhi S, Conley AC, Baker SL, Albert K, Kang H, Gwirtsman HE, Newhouse PA, Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative
Neurobiol Aging. 2019 81: 22-29

PMID: 31207466 · PMCID: PMC6732237 · DOI:10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2019.05.011

We evaluated the associations of subjective (self-reported everyday cognition [ECog]) and objective cognitive measures with regional amyloid-β (Aβ) and tau accumulation in 86 clinically normal elderly subjects from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. Regression analyses were conducted to identify whether individual ECog domains (Memory, Language, Organization, Planning, Visuospatial, and Divided Attention) were equally or differentially associated with regional [F]florbetapir and [F]flortaucipir uptake and how these associations compared to those obtained with objective cognitive measures. A texture analysis, the weighted 2-point correlation, was used as an additional approach for estimating the whole-brain tau burden without positron emission tomography intensity normalization. Although the strongest models for ECog domains included either tau (planning and visuospatial) or Aβ (memory and organization), the strongest models for all objective measures included Aβ. In Aβ-negative participants, the strongest models for all ECog domains of executive functioning included tau. Our results indicate differential associations of individual subjective cognitive domains with Aβ and tau in clinically normal adults. Detailed characterization of ECog may render a valuable prescreening tool for pathological prediction.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (16)

Aged Aged, 80 and over Aging Alzheimer Disease Amyloid beta-Peptides Aniline Compounds Brain Cognition Cognitive Dysfunction Ethylene Glycols Fluorine Radioisotopes Humans Neuroimaging Positron-Emission Tomography Radiopharmaceuticals tau Proteins

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