A dileucine motif in the COOH-terminal domain of NKCC1 targets the cotransporter to the plasma membrane.

Koumangoye R, Omer S, Delpire E
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2019 316 (4): C545-C558

PMID: 30865516 · PMCID: PMC6482672 · DOI:10.1152/ajpcell.00023.2019

Na-K-2Cl cotransporter-1 (NKCC1) mediates the electroneutral transport of Na, K, and Cl and is normally localized to the basolateral membrane of polarized epithelial cells. We recently reported the first known solute carrier family 12 member 2 ( SLC12A2) mutation (we call NKCC1-DFX) that causes epithelial dysfunction in an undiagnosed disease program case. The heterozygous mutation leads to truncation of the COOH-terminal tail of the cotransporter, resulting in both mutant and wild-type cotransporters being mistrafficked to the apical membrane of polarized epithelial cells. Here we demonstrate by using consecutive truncations and site-directed mutagenesis of the COOH-terminal domain of NKCC1 that truncation of NKCC1 COOH domain uncouples the cotransporter from the lateral membrane. We identify a dileucine motif that, when mutated, leads to cotransporter accumulation in the cytoplasm and mistrafficking to the apical/subapical region of epithelial cells, thereby recapitulating the phenotype observed with the patient mutation. We show that truncation deletion and LL substitution mutants are trafficked out of the endoplasmic reticulum and trans-Golgi network but accumulate in early and late endosomes where they are degraded.

MeSH Terms (8)

Animals Cell Membrane Dogs Leucine Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells Peptide Fragments Protein Transport Solute Carrier Family 12, Member 2

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