The relationship between the Young's modulus and dry etching rate of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS).

Fitzgerald ML, Tsai S, Bellan LM, Sappington R, Xu Y, Li D
Biomed Microdevices. 2019 21 (1): 26

PMID: 30826983 · PMCID: PMC6563612 · DOI:10.1007/s10544-019-0379-8

Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) has been the pivotal materials for microfluidic technologies with tremendous amount of lab-on-a-chip devices made of PDMS microchannels. While molding-based soft-lithography approach has been extremely successful in preparing various PDMS constructs, some complex features have to been achieved through more complicated microfabrication techniques that involve dry etching of PDMS. Several recipes have been reported for reactive ion etching (RIE) of PDMS; however, the etch rates present large variations, even for the same etching recipe, which poses challenges in adopting this process for device fabrication. Through systematic characterization of the Young's modulus of PDMS films and RIE etch rate, we show that the etch rate is closely related to the polymer cross-link density in the PDMS with a higher etch rate for a lower PDMS Young's modulus. Our results could provide guidance to the fabrication of microfluidic devices involving dry etching of PDMS.

MeSH Terms (3)

Dimethylpolysiloxanes Elastic Modulus Lab-On-A-Chip Devices

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